The Graduate School requirements for a Ph.D. can be found in the Graduate School Handbook, the Graduate School Policies and Procedures, and the Graduate School Record.  You need to be familiar with these requirements.  As a graduate student at the University, you should also be aware of the the general University Campus Policies, the University policies for research, and the Graduate School policies on Academic Integrity and Ethics.

The specific requirements for a Ph.D. in Economics are listed below.

Course Requirements

A doctoral candidate must complete 15 Ph.D. level courses plus two semesters of the doctoral dissertation course Econ. 994. At least 12 of the 15 courses must be from the Economics Department unless the major field specifically requires additional courses from other units or you have permission from the faculty in your field. All courses must be approved by the Director of Graduate Studies.

Courses in the Fundamentals of Economics. The following seven courses or equivalents approved by the DGS and relevant faculty are required:

  •   Economics 710 and 711: Graduate Microeconomics
  •   Economics 720 and 721: Graduate Macroeconomics
  •   Economics 770 and one additional econometrics course
  •   Economics 700: Quantitative Methods.

Economics 700 is taken as a daily camp roughly in the first three weeks of August, and counts as a standard core course (3 credit hours). In addition, most students take Economics 890 (Quantitative Methods). Students receive credit for 890, but it does not count toward the 12 required Economics courses (out of the 15 required courses).

Courses in the Major and Minor Fields:  Each student selects a major and a minor field from among the following:

  •   Econometrics
  •   Financial Econometrics
  •   Health Economics
  •   International Trade and Development
  •   Labor Economics
  •   Microeconomic Theory/Industrial Organization
  •   Macroeconomics/International Finance

At least three courses in the major field and two in the minor field are required. The faculty in each field determine the courses required for the major and minor. Majors in Econometrics are required to take graduate courses in Statistics; majors in Financial Econometrics are required to take graduate courses in Finance and Statistics. Specific course requirements for each field and typical course schedules may also be of interest.

Courses in Supporting Fields: The remaining courses are supporting courses chosen by the student in consultation with the Director of Graduate Studies and other faculty. The supporting courses may be within the major or minor field or in areas that complement the major and minor fields.

Doctoral Examinations and Dissertation Requirements

In order to receive a Ph.D., students must pass written qualifying examinations in econometrics, macroeconomics, and microeconomics and must satisfy a major field requirement, which may be a paper or a written examination.  Passing the qualifying examinations and the major field paper (or examination) satisfies the Graduate School requirement for the doctoral written examination.  The fall and spring semester examinations last three hours and are given shortly before the beginning of each semester, and the fall and spring semester field papers are due shortly before or early in the semester.   The Director of Graduate Studies is responsible for administering the examinations, collecting copies of the field papers, and setting both the examination dates and the field paper due dates.

PhD. students who have completed the first year of the graduate program are required to take the qualifying examinations given shortly after the spring semester of the first year, in May.  A student who achieves sufficiently strong grades in both courses of one area may skip that area’s exam. As an example, a student earning high or nearly high grades in fall and spring microeconomics is allowed to skip the microeconomics exam and take only the macroeconomics and econometrics exams. A student can skip only one exam. Exams are graded as high pass (H), pass (P), low pass (L) and fail. A student taking three exams needs to earn P or H on each of two exams and at least L on the third. A student taking only two exams needs to earn P or H on both. In these cases a student has successfully satisfied (or passed) the department’s examination requirement. Otherwise, a student has a second try at the failed examination(s) the next time offered.  Students who have not passed one or two examinations after two sittings may petition an Appeals Committee appointed by the department chair for a third attempt at the failed examination(s).  If the request is granted, the Appeals Committee also decides when the student is required to retake the examination(s).

The faculty in each field determine whether the major field requirement is a paper or a four-hour written examination.  A student who passes both qualifying examinations during the second year is required to take the major field examination or submit a field paper in the fall semester of the third year.  A student who passes both qualifying examinations after the second year is required to take the major field examination or submit a field paper in the next semester.  Students who do not pass the field requirement on the first try have a second try in the next semester.  As the discipline of economics advances, the core and field courses are revised as are the expectations for the examinations and field papers.  Students who take the qualifying examinations after the second year or the field requirement after the third year are responsible for material introduced in the most recently offered sections of the relevant courses.

A student who does not take an examination or submit a paper when required receives an automatic fail unless an Appeals Committee appointed by the department chair approves the student’s request for an excused absence.  If an excused absence is granted, the Committee also decides when the student is required to take the examination or submit the field paper.  With an excused absence, the missed examination or paper does not count as one of the student’s attempts.  The Appeals Committee will consider such requests only with very well-documented evidence of serious health, personal or family problems.

The Graduate School Handbook describes the requirements for the doctoral oral examination, doctoral dissertation, and final oral defense of the dissertation. The doctoral oral examination, which is also referred to as the preliminary oral examination, consists primarily of an evaluation of the thesis prospectus. Students work closely with their theses advisors and the other members of their theses committees in developing their dissertation prospecti, in preparing for the doctoral oral examination, and in completing the dissertations.  Consult the Graduate School Guide to Theses and Dissertations for style requirements.Students who fail the major field examination/paper, the doctoral oral examination, or the final oral defense for a second time become ineligible for further graduate work. Students may not continue in the program or take an examination for the third time without the approval of the Administrative Board of the Graduate School.

The Graduate School provides (1) instructions for filing for graduation and (2) the deadlines by which you must file for graduation and submit the electronic version of your dissertation at:  The Assistant to the Director of Graduate Studies often reminds students of the dates, but keep in mind that you are responsible for filing in a timely fashion. Although there is no penalty for filing but failing to complete the requirements, there is some cost to the University in that they print some of diplomas in advance based on the filings.  Note that Ph.D. students generally pass the doctoral written and oral examinations prior to the semester in which they defend the dissertation (final oral examination), and thus deadlines for the Ph.D. examinations are usually not an issue.

The instructions for the formatting of your dissertation and for submitting your dissertation electronically to the Graduate School are available at:

Please keep in mind that the first paragraph of the Graduate School Handbook and many other Graduate School documents includes the sentence “It is the student’s responsibility to be aware of, and comply with, rules, regulations, policies, procedures, and deadlines.”  We try to remind students of all deadlines and requirements, but we also expect students to be familiar with the rules.